Everything you wanted to know about Fibroid Tumors


What are Fibroids and How Common are they?

​Fibroids are considered noncancerous tumors of the uterus, and are found in over 80% of women. Although 97% benign, there does exist a malignancy rate of approximately 1-3%.

​Fibroid tumors are the most common uterine pathology and are the primary reason for approximately 80% of the hysterectomies in this country today. Also known as myomas, leiyomomas, fibromas, and fibromyomas, these tumors can have an extensive blood supply from within the uterus.

Fibroid Tumors
MC Texas

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  • Fibroid types
  • What Causes Fibroids?
  • Signs & Symptoms
  • Diagnosis

The Signs and Symptoms of Fibroid Tumors

Signs and symptoms of fibroids are dependent on the size, number and location of the tumors. Many patients complain of menstrual problems like heavy periods, with extended days of flow, cramps and clots.

However, many women have absolutely no symptoms at all. The following symptoms are known (but not limited)to be associated with fibroids and will increase in severity based on size and number of tumors:

  • heavy bleeding or increased flow
  • clotting
  • cramps
  • abdominal pressure
  • irregular and painful periods
  • bloating
  • indigestion
  • urinary frequency
  • constipation
  • painful intercourse
  • back pain
  • pressure in the legs
  • PMS
  • fatigue

Fibroids & Fertility

Fertility outcomes with fibroids are dependent on the size, number and location of the tumors. In general, only -12% of fibroids are associated with primary infertilty so most women can have uncomplicated pregnancies with these tumors, and research has shown that if conception takes place only 10-15% of women will have complications with pregnancy.

Submucosal and intracavity tumors are an example of those that can produce complications and even pregnancy loss. Intracavity fibroids are in direct competition for space within the endometrial cavity with a developing fetus. This can create obstacles to development and miscarriage can occur. Submucosal tumors by nature of their location near the lining can also contribute to infertility by inhibiting implanation of the fertilitzed egg. Fundal fibroids are known to block fallopian tubes and are therefore a primary source of infertility by preventing conception.

No matter what type, the longer fibroid tumors are left untreated, the greater the chance of infertility.

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Case Study Video

​In this video, Dr. del Junco Jr. discusses a patient who had over 535 fibroid tumors and how he safely removed all of them.

She now is living a happy healthy tumor free life while retaining her uterus.​

  • Treatments
  • Emotional & Psychological Effects

Fibroid Tumor Treatments

For any long term relief, once symptommatic, most fibroids need to be surgically removed. Delaying removal of tumors usually allows the fibroids to grow in size and number. There are multiple treatments available from herbal supplements, birth control pills, IUDs, minimally invasive procedures like UAE to laparoscopic, Robotic and open surgeries.

The type of treatment recommended is often based on the size, number and location of the fibroids and the skill and philosophy of your physician. Please refer to our section on Types of Treatments for more indepth and comparative information and analysis.

How can the Institute’s Female Alternative Surgery help you?

Female Alternative Surgery is a multidimensional myomectomy that uses both vascular surgical techniques, lasers and uterine reconstruction to accomplish our goal of removing fibroids without hysterectomy. Our philosophy for all patients is to treat the disease, not just the symptoms.

All too often, gynecology will use “band-aid” treatments like birth control pills, D&C and ablation therapies like the rollerball or Novasure procedure to treat the untoward symptoms of fibroid tumors. Even UAE (Uterine Artery Embolization) only shrinks fibroids; the tumors never completely resolve or disappear. Unfortunately, these techniques dispense a false sense of security and do not directly effect the fibroids. Women may experience a reduction in bleeding but the tumors will continue to grow and spread over time. Symptoms like abdominal pain, pressure, urinary frequency and an enlarging uterus are not reduced. Removing fibroids is the only way to effectively treat this disease long term…once appropriately treated, by surgically removing the tumors, the symptoms will be resolved.

Our Female Alternative Surgery has safely removed over 500 fibroids from one patient without removing her uterus. We are one of the very few advocates for women that recommend and perform a safe surgical option for the removal of fibroids without hysterectomy. 

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